The Influence of Confinement on Phase Transitions (Part 1)

Anders Rosengren (KTH), B. Hjörvarsson (Uppsala University), O. Eriksson (Uppsala University), S T Bramwell (UCL)
This program will run in two installments: February 15 - March 1, 2010 and December 12 - 17, 2010.

The classical theories on phase transitions are based on the thermodynamic limit. This implies infinitely large or small extension on all the systems that are considered. The success of the resulting scaling laws and the corresponding generalisation is impressive. However, these theories fail to address many of the important aspects, as finiteness in extension is apparent in most physical systems.  

As an example, the physics of magnetic multilayers has caused considerable attention lately, largely due to their technological importance. This interest has implied substantial increase in our knowledge and triggered renewed views on e.g. the range of the magnetic interactions. Interactions over large distances are now integrated in the description of the ordering of such systems.  

In classical Monte Carlo calculations the interactions are most frequently mapped onto nearest neighbours. This has been shown to yield a correct behaviour for infinite systems, thus there has been limited driving force to use more complicated models (and CPU intensive) in this type of studies. However, this approach will not hold for finite systems with long-range interactions. Obtaining better understanding of phase transitions of confined systems is not only timely, it will enhance our understanding of dimensional crossovers, as well as the changes in the critical parameters.  

These effects are not limited to magnetic phase transitions. Any second order transition, with corresponding fluctuations is expected to show strong finite size effects, on ordering temperature as well as the critical exponents. Thus, this question is of highly generic nature and has significance within condensed matter physics, chemistry as well as biology.

In this program we will EXPLORE THE INFLUENCE OF CONFINEMENT ON PHASE TRANSITIONS. This exploration will address both the static as well as the dynamic aspects, as these are intimately linked.
  • Anatoly Belonoshko
  • Anders Bergman
  • Anders Rosengren
  • Andrea Taroni
  • Annica Black-Schaffer
  • Björgvin Hjörvarsson
  • Chunmei Li
  • eddy ardonne
  • Edwin Langmann
  • Elena Vedmedenko
  • Erna Krisztina Delczeg
  • Hannes Jonsson
  • Ivan Shelykh
  • Johan Hellsvik
  • Lars Nordström
  • Martina Ahlberg
  • masoud karimipour
  • Mats Horsdal
  • Mats Wallin
  • Olle Eriksson
  • Paata Kakashvili
  • Patrik Henelius
  • Per Håkan Lundow
  • Peter Holdsworth
  • Robin Stinchcombe
  • Simon Banks
  • Song LU
  • Steve Bramwell
  • Thomas Hase
  • Unnar Arnalds