Extended workshop (15 Sept - 26 Sept) and conference (15-17 Sept)Participation in program and conference is done with the same registration form (see on the left). The streaming videos from the conference are mostly linked directly from this page, but those from the program are normally all listed on the Nordita Agenda Page. The distribution of ice throughout the universe and here on Earth has central implications in astrophysics and geophysics from the agglomeration of primordial matter in stellar nebulae to the fate and state of our climate system. All forms of life on Earth presently enjoy a comfortable climate, which is a fortunate consequence of the present extent of the global ice cover. Indeed, large swaths of our planet are seasonally or perennially covered with snow and ice, and although more than two-thirds of the surface of Earth is covered by water, it is the ice to water conversion, and vice versa, that insures that an important fraction of the globe habitable today. Finally, the only form of life known to exist is life on Earth. This life relies on the availability of liquid water. However, life may have evolved under quite different physical and chemical conditions. Knowledge of the limits of terrestrial life has increased substantially in the last few decades, which motivates us to examine possible life processes under the relatively dry and cold conditions such as found on Mars and other planetary bodies. The persistence of unfrozen water at surfaces, known as interfacial premelting, is central to the search for life and possibly its transport throughout the solar system sequestered in the polycrystalline host matrix.
This program will focus on a range of issues of relevance to astrobiology and habitability, including, but not limited to (a) important chemical processes involving ice and water in astronomical and terrestrial settings (b) how habitable matter agglomerated in the first place and what chemical dynamics allowed life to flourish (c) terrestrial limitations and laboratories, from what controls the volume fraction of water in growing sea ice to the chemical, biological and biolocomotive controls on the network and nutrient supply. (d) The transport of fluid in restricted geometries and environments, essential both on the level of the redistribution of the contents in eukaryotic cells to that in a partially molten network. (e) the basic ice physics underlying the persistence of water in partially frozen media and its dynamical and transport properties.
Most of the talks will be concentrated in the conference, whenever possible. For the remaining time we shall schedule a few discussion sessions and informal seminars.
How to get here?
(this link has a description and a map). The meeting takes place in the Nordita building,
just next to the AlbaNova main building.
The meeting is sponsored by Nordita.
Schedule: Week 1
Monday, 15 September
chair: John Wettlaufer (video)
10:00-10:50 Amy Barr: Icy moons in the Outer Solar System
11:30-12:20 Jerome Neufeld: What controls the amount of liquid in ice grown from Oceans?
chair: Axel Brandenburg
14:00-14:50 David Thomas: The abundance of life in ice grown from Oceans I
15:30-16:20 David Thomas: The abundance of life in ice grown from Oceans II
Tuesday, 16 September
10:00-10:50 Wolf Geppert: Dissociative recombination and the formation of biomolecule precursors in the interstellar medium and planetary atmospheres.
11:30-12:20 Gunnar Nyman: Adventures in interstellar nitrogen chemistry
14:00-14:50 Felipe Leon: Biofilms & microbial protection Relevance for astrobiology
15:30-16:20 Daniel Heißelmann: The physics of low-velocity collisions and applications to planet formation and Saturn’s rings
16:30-17:20 Axel Brandenburg: Emergence of Homochirality
19:00 Conference Dinner (AlbaNova)
Wednesday, 17 September
10:00-10:50 Alan Rempel: Water in soil—the forces and patterns of phase change
11:30-12:20 Diedrich Möhlmann: Water and ice on Mars I
14:00-14:50 Harald Reichert: Radiation-enhanced interfacial melting of ice at deeply buried interfaces
15:30-16:20 Jean-Pierre deVera: Steps from Orbit Science to Moon, Mars, Europa and beyond
16:30-17:20 Diedrich Möhlmann: Water and ice on Mars II
Thursday, 18 September
Talk 1: 10:30-11:20 Amy Barr: Tidally flexed satellites: Enceladus, Europa and Triton
Talk 2: 14:30-15:20 Mars/Water/Ice Discussion: Möhlmann, deVera, Rempel
Friday, 19 September
Talk 1: 10:30-11:20 J. Greaves: Planet Formation in Action (FA31)
Talk 2: 16:00-17:00 J. Greaves: New Astrobiology Initiatives in Scotland
Monday, 22 September
Tuesday, 23 September
Talk 1: 10:30-11:20 Jan Pettersson: Molecules on Ice- Experiments and Computer Simulations
Talk 2: 14:30-15:20 John Wettlaufer: A primer on ice crystal shape
Wednesday, 24 September
Talk 1: 10:30-11:20 Ido Braslavsky: Spruce budworms, microfluidics & antifreeze protein mutants—natural controls in ice growth in organisms
Talk 2: 14:30-15:20 Yoshi Furukawa: Reversible adsorption of antifreeze glycoproteins and ice growth.
Thursday, 25 September
Coffee: 15:00 Lobby: Oskar Klein Auditorium AlbaNova Colloq: 15:15-16:15 John Wettlaufer: The Quantum Electrodynamics of Snowflakes, Ice skating, Exobiology and other such matters
Friday, 26 September
Talk 1: 10:30-11:20 Hans Ågren: Enhanced fluorescence in green fluorescent proteins
Talk 2: 14:30-15:20 Lars Pettersson: X-ray spectroscopy and DFT studies of bulk water structure: two structural motifs