The Influence of Confinement on Phase Transitions (Part 1)
from
Monday, February 15, 2010 (8:00 AM)
to
Monday, March 1, 2010 (6:00 PM)
Monday, February 15, 2010
10:30 AM
Welcome and Coffee
Welcome and Coffee
10:30 AM  11:00 AM
11:00 AM
Introduction and Setting the Stage

Björgvin Hjörvarsson
(
Uppsala University
)
Introduction and Setting the Stage
Björgvin Hjörvarsson
(
Uppsala University
)
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
Give a thorough description of the experimental results concerning dimensionally confined magnetic systems.
12:00 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:00 PM  1:00 PM
2:00 PM
Critical Temperatures of Finite Samples at Finite Observation Times

Elena Vedmedenko
(
University of Hamburg
)
Critical Temperatures of Finite Samples at Finite Observation Times
Elena Vedmedenko
(
University of Hamburg
)
2:00 PM  3:00 PM
The correlation function is an essential ingredient of any theory of phase transitions, covering electronic systems, liquids or magnets, since it provides direct information on critical properties of a system. With the OrnsteinZernike law its general analytical form is known for infinite systems at infinite observation times, above the critical temperature. However, important experimental developments involve ever smaller length and timescales connected with size and timedependent phases like thermally assisted switching of magnetization. For such nanosized systems, there is up to now no clear understanding of crossover phenomena like the crossover from a paramagnetic state at high temperatures via a superparamagnetic regime to ferro or antiferromagnetic order at low T, and how they manifest themselves in the correlation function. This is related to the problem that a Curie (or Neel) temperature cannot be defined unambiguously. These problems hamper a reliable interpretation of experimental results. In this talk I will present a particularly simple general expression for the correlation function, covering all sample sizes L, all observation times, and the entire temperature range from zero to infinity. Our numerical and analytical calculations demonstrate that the Curie temperature does not simply decrease with decreasing sample size but rather splits in finite samples for finite observation times. This new result obtained for open boundaries does not violate scaling invariance and recovers all known laws for periodic boundary conditions, infinite observation times and high temperatures as limiting cases. The proposed form for the correlation function allows for a novel and effective procedure to determine above mentioned splitting and critical temperatures which goes beyond the famous Binder cumulants method as it permits an accurate determination of the Curie temperature of infinite and finite objects, as well as the blocking temperature, from a single calculation of a finite object without tedious finitesize scaling.
3:00 PM
Discussion Session
Discussion Session
3:00 PM  4:00 PM
6:00 PM
Dinner
Dinner
6:00 PM  8:30 PM
Tuesday, February 16, 2010
10:00 AM
Magnon Softening in a ferromagnetic monolayer

Anders Bergman
(
Uppsala University
)
Magnon Softening in a ferromagnetic monolayer
Anders Bergman
(
Uppsala University
)
10:00 AM  11:00 AM
We study the Fe/W(110) monolayer system through a combination of first principles calculations and atomistic spin dynamics simulations. We focus on the dispersion of the spin waves parallel to the [001] direction. Our results compare favorably with the experimental data of Prokop et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 177206], and correctly capture a drastic softening of the magnon spectrum, with respect to bulk bcc Fe. The suggested shortcoming of the itinerant electron model, in particular that given by density functional theory, is refuted. We also demonstrate that finite temperature effects are significant, and that atomistic spin dynamics simulations represent a powerful tool with which to include these.
11:00 AM
Discussion Session
Discussion Session
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
12:00 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:00 PM  1:00 PM
1:00 PM
Confinement and Ordering

Peter Holdsworth
(
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon
)
Confinement and Ordering
Peter Holdsworth
(
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon
)
1:00 PM  2:00 PM
2:00 PM
Discussion Session
Discussion Session
2:00 PM  3:00 PM
Wednesday, February 17, 2010
11:00 AM
Structure modifications in ultra thin films of transition metal oxides

Holger Meyerheim
(
MaxPlanckInstitut für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle, Germany
)
Structure modifications in ultra thin films of transition metal oxides
Holger Meyerheim
(
MaxPlanckInstitut für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle, Germany
)
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
The talk reviews recent studies on the geometric structure of oxide films in the ultra thin film limit and their implications on their magnetic (multiferroic) properties. In a first example the structural phase transition in pure and Cobaltdoped ZnOfilm is discussed. Depending on film thickness a transition from the bulk Wurtzite (WZ) type structure to the hexagonalBoronnitride (hBN) phase is observed. Cobalt doping leads to a phase segregation in which WZtype CoOnanoclusters are coherently embedded into the hBN host ZnO matrix. The structure model involving locally confined antiferromagnetic CoOclusters supports recent experimental results on the magnetic properties of diluted magnetic semiconductors. The effect of confinement is also decisive for the multiferroic (ferromagnetic/ferroelectric) properties of the BaTiO3/Fe(001) interface, which is addressed in the second part of the talk. The structure analysis in combination with first principles calculations reveals the onset of an interface dipole at a critical film thickness of two unit cells of BaTiO3. Its influence on the magnetoelectric properties is discussed.
12:00 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:00 PM  1:00 PM
1:00 PM
Discussion session
Discussion session
1:00 PM  2:00 PM
2:00 PM
Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

Steve Bramwell
(
University College London
)
Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena
Steve Bramwell
(
University College London
)
2:00 PM  3:00 PM
3:00 PM
Quantum critical points via gravity

LÃ¡rus Thorlacius
(
Nordita
)
Quantum critical points via gravity
LÃ¡rus Thorlacius
(
Nordita
)
3:00 PM  4:00 PM
Thursday, February 18, 2010
10:00 AM
The effect of geometric constraints on the spin glass transition in binary pyrochlores

Simon Banks
(
University College London
)
The effect of geometric constraints on the spin glass transition in binary pyrochlores
Simon Banks
(
University College London
)
10:00 AM  11:00 AM
Recent neutron scattering experiments [1] have sharpened the picture of an algebraic spin liquid phase in CsNiCrF6, originally proposed by Zinkin et al. [2]. Anderson famously predicted that systems such as this, with equal numbers of two magnetic species populating a pyrochlore lattice, should favour configurations with two of each type of ion present on every tetrahedron [3]. With this in mind, we have studied a simple model of a system comprised of equal numbers of two species of Heisenberg spins, A and B, distributed randomly across a pyrochlore lattice, but subject to the icerules like constraint that each tetrahedron has two A and two B type spins. We have characterized the ground state magnetic behaviour for all possible combinations of the three exchange interactions governing the system. This reveals a large region of exchange parameter space for which the system is in a spin liquid like state consisting of a soup of single species, noninteracting, antiferromagnetic loops. This configuration is robust even in the presence of four ferromagnetic bonds per tetrahedron. We demonstrate that the highly constrained form of quenched disorder imposed on the ion placement removes the possibility of a spin glass transition from this cooperative paramagnetic regime. We go on to discuss how the underlying structural configuration leads to algebraic magnetic correlations, manifested in the familiar bowtie structure factor. This model is also susceptible to strong finite size influences. A system with finite size will be unable to develop the correct loop distribution to produce the bowtie structure factor. We are currently investigating how such effects manifest themselves and the implications for more controllable arrays such as can be achieved with, for example, artificial spin ice. [1] T. Fennel et al., unpublished. [2] M. P. Zinkin et al., Phys. Rev. B 56, 11786 (1997) [3] P. W. Anderson, Phys. Rev. 102, 1008 (1956)
11:00 AM
Phase transitions with disorder

Mats Wallin
(
Theoretical Physics KTH
)
Phase transitions with disorder
Mats Wallin
(
Theoretical Physics KTH
)
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
Disordered systems often display new emergent phases and phase transition, for example, spin glasses and similar states in quantum fluids with disorder. Other examples where confinement effects play an important role are given by porous matter. Experiments on such systems often indicate strong finite size effects that need to be understood. We use an approach involving Monte Carlo simulation and scaling analysis to address these issues. I will describe some of our recent studies.
12:00 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:00 PM  1:00 PM
1:00 PM
Discussion session
Discussion session
1:00 PM  2:00 PM
2:00 PM
Dipolar Systems

Patrik Henelius
(
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
)
Dipolar Systems
Patrik Henelius
(
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
)
2:00 PM  3:00 PM
Due to the long range and angular dependence of the dipolar interaction sample shape plays a crucial role in determining the ordered state of magnetic materials where longrange interactions are important. This should also apply to magnetic mulitlayer systems and I propose studying the effects of the often neglected dipolar interaction in these novel materials.
3:00 PM
Methods in simulations
Methods in simulations
3:00 PM  5:00 PM
Friday, February 19, 2010
10:15 AM
Hunting for monopoles in spin ice

Peter Holdsworth
(
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon
)
Hunting for monopoles in spin ice
Peter Holdsworth
(
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon
)
10:15 AM  11:15 AM
11:15 AM
Discussion
Discussion
11:15 AM  12:00 PM
12:00 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:00 PM  1:15 PM
1:15 PM
Magnetricity in Spin Ice

Steve Bramwell
(
University College London
)
Magnetricity in Spin Ice
Steve Bramwell
(
University College London
)
1:15 PM  2:15 PM
2:15 PM
Discussion
Discussion
2:15 PM  3:00 PM
3:00 PM
Future Perspectives
Future Perspectives
3:00 PM  5:00 PM
6:00 PM
Dinner
Dinner
6:00 PM  8:15 PM
Saturday, February 20, 2010
Sunday, February 21, 2010
Monday, February 22, 2010
1:15 PM
A family of critical models in ddimensions

Simon Banks
(
University College London
)
A family of critical models in ddimensions
Simon Banks
(
University College London
)
1:15 PM  2:15 PM
It is well known that the order parameter for the 2dXY model is zero in the thermodynamic limit, yet it remains measurable even for macroscopic systems. Thus our ability to observe the KT transition via changes in the magnetization is a result of the "confinement" of the system to finite size. We have been working on a family of related models in one and threedimensions generalizable to ddimensions) which exhibit behaviour closely analogous to the 2dXY model. We will consider the possibility that confinement in these models may lead to KT type, or possibly other novel, phase transitions.
2:15 PM
The p,qbinomial distribution applied to the finitesize Ising model

Per Håkan Lundow
(
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
)
The p,qbinomial distribution applied to the finitesize Ising model
Per Håkan Lundow
(
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
)
2:15 PM  3:15 PM
3:15 PM
Diskussions
Diskussions
3:15 PM  4:30 PM
6:00 PM
Dinner
Dinner
6:00 PM  8:15 PM
Tuesday, February 23, 2010
10:15 AM
Simulation of long time scale evolution in solids

Hannes Jonsson
(
University of Iceland
)
Simulation of long time scale evolution in solids
Hannes Jonsson
(
University of Iceland
)
10:15 AM  11:15 AM
11:15 AM
Discussion Session
Discussion Session
11:15 AM  12:15 PM
1:15 PM
Magnetic Xray scattering (part I)

Tom Hase
(
University of Warwick
)
Magnetic Xray scattering (part I)
Tom Hase
(
University of Warwick
)
1:15 PM  2:15 PM
2:15 PM
Discussion session
Discussion session
2:15 PM  2:30 PM
Wednesday, February 24, 2010
10:15 AM
Phase Transitions and Dimensionality

Robin Stinchcombe
(
University of Oxford
)
Phase Transitions and Dimensionality
Robin Stinchcombe
(
University of Oxford
)
10:15 AM  12:15 PM
12:15 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:15 PM  1:15 PM
1:15 PM
First principles theory of magnetism and magnetisation dynamics

Olle Eriksson
(
Uppsala University
)
First principles theory of magnetism and magnetisation dynamics
Olle Eriksson
(
Uppsala University
)
1:15 PM  2:15 PM
In the talk I will review some recent results on first principles theory of magnetism and magnetic materials. In particular, results of giant magnetic anisotropies will be described, and I will put some emphasis on technological aspects of this property. I will also describe recent developments in theory of spindynamics and how this reproduces observations on thinfilm magnetism, diluted magnetic semiconductors as well as spinglasses
2:15 PM
The role of higher multipoles in magnetically ordered systems

Lars Nordström
(
Uppsala University
)
The role of higher multipoles in magnetically ordered systems
Lars Nordström
(
Uppsala University
)
2:15 PM  3:15 PM
In most magnetic phase transitions the focus is on the lowest multipole, the dipole which is directly related to the magnetic moment. We will in this work argue that in some cases higher order multipoles are driving the transition and the dipole is a secondary effect. The concept of spherical tensors or multipoles of an open atomic shell is first reviewed and discussed.Some of these multipoles play an important rule in e.g. xray circular dichroism measurements, where with the use of the famous sum rules by Carra et al. the spin and orbital magnetic moments can be deduced. Then we will describe how such multipoles can be calculated in general in both the ground state as well as excited states in terms of density functional methods including a local correlation term, as in e.g. the socalled LDA+U or LDA+DMFT methods. It will be demonstrated how these multipoles can contribute significantly to the exchange and correlation energies of transition metal systems. Especially, we will discuss in some depth materials where these multipoles act as the main order parameter, sometimes referred to as an "hidden order". Especially, results for two cases will be presented the magnetic/superconducting ironpnictide LaOFeAs and the heavy fermion compound URu2Si2.
3:15 PM
Discussion Session
Discussion Session
3:15 PM  4:15 PM
Thursday, February 25, 2010
10:15 AM
Infulence of the range of interaction in thin magnetic structures

Andrea Taroni
(
Uppsala University
)
Infulence of the range of interaction in thin magnetic structures
Andrea Taroni
(
Uppsala University
)
10:15 AM  11:15 AM
The properties of ultrathin magnetic structures are influenced by many length scales that reflect both generic physics and chemical detail. A striking example is the experimentally determined shift of the critical temperature as a function of film thickness. While all systems experience a pronounced suppression in Tc with decreasing film thickness, the magnitude of this shift cannot be reconciled with established theoretical results. In particular, the ratio between the monolayer and bulk limits for the nearest neighbour Ising model is roughly 1/2, whereas experimentally, ratios of the order of 0.1 are commonly measured. By means of detailed Monte Carlo simulations, we resolve this discrepancy by investigating a model with longrange interactions. The model also captures other features of real ultrathin magnets, such as an almost linear temperature dependence for the surface magnetization. Our results demonstrate that the behavior of ultrathin magnetic structures arises from a competition of length scales dictated by their slablike geometry, the presence of surface boundaries, and crucially, the range of the interactions present.
11:15 AM
Discussion Session
Discussion Session
11:15 AM  12:15 PM
12:15 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:15 PM  1:15 PM
1:15 PM
Software Development
Software Development
1:15 PM  3:15 PM
Open forum
Friday, February 26, 2010
10:15 AM
Magnetic scattering from structured surfaces

Tom Hase
(
University of Warwick
)
Magnetic scattering from structured surfaces
Tom Hase
(
University of Warwick
)
10:15 AM  11:15 AM
11:15 AM
Discussions and Future Perspectives

Björgvin Hjörvarsson
(
Uppsala University
)
Discussions and Future Perspectives
Björgvin Hjörvarsson
(
Uppsala University
)
11:15 AM  12:15 PM
12:15 PM
Lunch
Lunch
12:15 PM  1:15 PM
Saturday, February 27, 2010
Sunday, February 28, 2010
Monday, March 1, 2010